Bovec is one of the 211 municipalities of Slovenia. It is located close to border with Italy, 136 km from the capital Ljubljana, at an altitude of 434 m. Two of the most important mountain passes in the Julian Alps are located in the Bovec municipality: the Predil Pass on the border between Slovenia and Italy, and the Vršič Pass, which connects the Soča Valley to the neighbouring Slovenian region of Upper Carniola. The Učja (Uccea) connects Bovec with the Resia Valley in Italy.
Several natural sights are included in the Bovec municipality, such as the source of the River Soča, the 106 m high Boka waterfall, the ski resort Kanin, and the Trenta Valley, connected to Bovec with a tourist trail. The municipality has a well-developed tourist industry, centered in the city itself, with numerous hotels.